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Parliament

Parliament
The Parliament shall be made up of two Houses, the House of Representatives and the House of Counsellors. Members of the Houses shall hold their mandate from the Nation. Their right to vote shall be personal and cannot be delegated. (art. 36)

Members of the House of Representatives shall be elected for a six- year term by direct universal suffrage. The legal legislative period shall end at the opening of the October session in the fifth year following the election of the House.

The number of representatives as well as the voting system, eligibility requirements, incompatibility cases, legal contentions concerning elections shall be set out in an organic law.

The President shall be elected first at the beginning of the legislative period, then at the April session in the third year of the said period and for the remaining portion thereof.

Members of the Board shall be elected for one year; their number shall be in propotion to their respective groups. (art. 37)

For 3/5 of its membership, the House of Counsellors shall consist of members elected in each region by electoral colleges made up of elected members of trade chambers as well as members elected at the national level by an electoral college consisting of wage-earners' representatives.

Members of the House of Counsellors shall be elected for a nine-year term.One third of the House shall be renewed every three years.In the first and second renewal operations, seats shall be drawn by lot. The number of counsellors as well as the voting system, the number of members to be elected by each electoral college, the distibution of seats according to regions, eligibility requirements, incompatibility cases, balotting procedures mentionned above and legal contentions concerning elections shall be set out in an organic law.

The President of the House of Counsellors and members of the Board shall be elected at the October session during each renewal operation in the House. Members of the Board shall be elected in propotion to the size of their respective groups.

Upon the setting up of the first House of Counsellors or upon its election following the dissolution of the preceding House, the President and the members of the Board shall be elected at the beginning of the session which follows the election;they shall seek renewal of their term of office at the beginning of the October session during each renewal operation in the House. (art. 38)

No member of Parliament shall be prosecuted, arrested, put into custody or brought to trial as a result of expressing opinions or casting a vote while exercising office functions, except when the opinions expressed may be injurious to the monarchical system and the religion of Islam or derogatory to the respect owed to the king.

During parliamentary sessions, no member of Parliament shall be subject to prosecution or arrest for criminal charges or felonies, besides those mentioned in the preceding paragraph, without permission from the House except flagrante delicto.

Outside parliamentary sessions, no member of Parliament shall be subject to arrest without permission from the Board of the House , except flagrante delicto, or in the case of authorised prosecution or final judgement.

The imprisonement or prosecution of a member of Parliament shall be suspended if so required by the House, except flagrante delicto or in the case of authorised prosecution or final judgment. (art. 39)

The Parliament shall hold its meetings during two sessions a year. The King shall preside over the opening of the first session which shall begin on the second Friday in October. The second session shall begin on the second Friday in April.

When the Parliament convenes for at least three months during one session, the session may be adjourned by decree. (art. 40)

The Parliament may be convened in special session either at the request of the absolute majority of the members of one of the two Houses or by decree.

Special sessions of the Parliament shall be held on the basis of a defined agenda. Once the agenda fully addressed , the session shall be adjourned by decree. (art. 41)

Cabinet members may attend the meetings of each House and those of the committees thereof; they shall, in this respect, have the right to commission their own assistants.

Apart from the standing committees referred to in the preceding paragraph, parliamentary fact-finding committees may be established on the King's initiative or upon the request of the majority of the members of one of the two Houses and within each House , with the mission of inquiring about specific facts and submitting findings thereon to that House.

There shall be no fact-finding committees in cases involving prosecutions, and as long as these are being conducted.

The mission of any fact-finding committee which may be established shall end with the opening of the judicial investigation pertaining to the instances bringing about the establishment thereof.

Fact-finding committees shall by nature be temporary. Their mission shall end with the submission of their reports.The functioning of these committees shall be governed by an organic law. (art. 42)

Meetings of the Houses of Parliament shall be open to the public. Proceedings of the debates shall be published in extenso in the Gazette .

Each House may hold private meetings if so requested by the Prime Minister, or by a third of its members. (art. 43)

Each House shall establish and vote on its own Rules of Procedure. These shall not, however, go into effect until they are declared by the Constitutional Council as consistent with the provisions of this Constitution. (art. 44)